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|Rear-End Traffic Accident
|About 20% of persons rear-ended in accidents suffer "whiplash"
A rear-end collision is a traffic accident where a vehicle, regardless of cause, crashes into the vehicle in front of it.
Rear-end collisions are the most common type of accident on American roadways, accounting for about 2.5
million crashes each year.
Most state vehicle laws, including Illinois, require drivers to follow at a safe distance and be able to stop for
vehicles in front of them. If a driver fails to reduce speed before striking the vehicle in front them, then law
enforcement officers generally assume that he or she is at fault for causing the accident.
In many cases, this assumption holds true. Many drivers follow too closely and at a far greater speed than is safe
However, this does not suggest that a driver who rear-ends a vehicle in front of them is solely at fault for a crash. A
lead vehicle may have an equipment failure, such as no brake lights or a defective signal light.
Human beings are generally poor judges of closing speed, and without brake lights or signal lights, motorists
may not be able to determine that the vehicle in front of them is slowing. This is also compounded by the fact that
many motorists make sudden stops or turns in traffic where such actions are prohibited.
Our accident reconstruction experts can examine vehicle damage and scene evidence in order to determine how
fast a vehicle was going when it rear-ended the vehicle in front of it. We always utilize peer reviewed and validated
methodologies in producing our expert reconstruction opinions.
The conditioned response of slowing the vehicle to
avoid a crash is the only avoidance technique
required of drivers by Illinois Law - 625 ILCS
5/11-601(a). The legislative intent of this statue is
clear in that it compels drivers to use due care and
requires they slow, when possible, if faced with a
hazard. To read this statute, please click here.
Rear end accidents are often referred to as
in-line collisions by accident reconstructionists.
Our experts can use slight variations of the
conservation of linear momentum equation to
determine the impact speed for the striking
vehicle. The law of conservation of linear
momentum is a fundamental law of nature, and it
states that the total momentum of a closed
system of objects is constant. In addition, as
long as the units remain the same throughout the
equation, any unit of weight and velocity (speed)
may be used.
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Disclaimer: Crash Data Services, LLC and crashdataservices.net provide the information in this web site for informational purposes only. The information is not intended to be legal advice or an expert
opinion and should not be construed as such. The use of this site does not create a contractor/client relationship with any employee of Crash Data Services, LLC. Each investigation is different. Case
results depend on a variety of factors unique to each case. The results of any investigation/reconstruction do not guarantee or predict a similar result in any future case undertaken by Crash Data Services,
|Our experts are always available to fulfill your accident reconstruction needs Call today for a free consultation: (847)-217-6644 or reach our reconstruction experts by email